A Brief Introduction

Posted: September 7, 2009 in India



India is a nation of varied religions and cultures spread across its length and breadth. Its geographical range stretches from the state of Jammu and Kashmir, the top most place to Kanya Kumari in the state of Tamil Nadu , as its lowest  point .



India got Independence on 15th August, 1947 from the Britishers, Thanks to Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the nation. However the constitution of India was written three years later on 26th January, 1950 by Mr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar.

National Insignia:

National Flag: The Tricolor flag with

Saffron on the top indicating sacrifice, Indian Flag
White in the center indicating peace and

Green at the bottom indicating Prosperity.

In the Centre of the White band there is a

Blue  circle with 24 spokes to indicate the Dharma Chakra,

the wheel of law in the Sarnath Lion  Capital

The ratio of the length and the breath of the tricolor flag is 2:3.

National Anthem: Jana Gana Mana adopted in 24 Jan, 1950.

National Animal: Tiger

National Bird: Peacock

National Flower: Lotus

National Sports: Hockey

National Emblem: A replica of the Lion of Sarnath, near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.**

** visit http://www.freeindia.org/national_insignia/national_insignia/page2.htm

Political Background:

Father of the Nation:   Mahatma Gandhi (Moham Das Karam Chand Gandhi)

First President of India: Babu Rajendra Prasad

First Prime Minister of India: Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru

First Woman Prime Minister of India: Mrs. Indira Gandhi, the daughter of Mr. J.L.Nehru

Cultural and Religion Background:

People here follow many religions and all the Festivals here are celebrated with pomp and glory. We Indians irrespective of our cast, creed, Religion etc., participate in these festivals.

Among the Prominent Religions and the Festivals celebrated here include:

Religion                                                                     Festivals

Hinduism                                                                     Diwali, Holi, Dusshhera, RakhshaBandhan, Jnamashtmi, Durga Pooja etc.

Islam                                                                             Eid, Eid-Ul-Zuha, Eid E Milad-Ul –Nabi

Sikhism                                                                         Guru Nanak Jayanti

Christianity                                                                 Christmas, Good Friday

Buddhism                                                                     Buddh Purnima

Zoroastranianism(Parsism):                               Pateti

Languages and Dialects:

India is very rich in languages. . A minimum of 30 different languages have been identified along with 2000 dialects. Though, due to rapid industrialization, English has become the most common language, Hindi, being spoken all over the country is still our National Language. Hindi is spoken by 337 million people in India. The second most spoken Indian language is Bengali, being spoken by 70 million people.


Delhi is the capital of India ,apart from it the other Metro cities include Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai. We have 28 states and 7 Union Territories. Delhi in itself is a Union Territory.

Area wise Madhya Pradesh(MP) is the biggest Indian state.


Population wise as you must know India is only next to China. As per 2008 census, the population of India was 1,147,995,904.

Uttar Pradesh(UP) is the biggest Indian state in population. It is so big in population that only 5 countries in the world have people more than it.


India has many tourist attractions. Tourists from across the globe visit throughout India to enjoy its beauty, flora and fauna. Some of the nice places to visit are:

DELHI:                                                Red  Fort, Jama Masjid, Qutub Minar, Delhi, India Gate, Hazrat Nizamuddin Shrine

AGRA:                                                 Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri Agra

HYDERABAD:                                  Charminar

MUMBAI:                                           Haji Ali Shrine , Marine Drive

AJMER:                                              Ajmer Sharif Shrine


Indian Currency is Rupees also known as INR.

1US Dollar = 48.6301 INR

Bottom Line:

The wide and rich cultural heritage of India is hard to be encapsulated in a single mail. I might have missed out lots of important things. But this is the most i remember for now from my knowledge.

  1. elizato says:

    I love it. Its a great attempt to show case India and I really mean it.

  2. myasan says:

    simple … but it’s nice.

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